Kapilvastu Museum is located about 26 km. from the town of Lumbini, Tilaurakot in Nepal. The museum is known worldwide for the archeological remnants of the popular Tilaurakot complex established by Shakya King Suddhodana, father of Lord Buddha. The royal town was recovered by the joint effort of Nepal and Japan-based archeologists. The excavations comprises of the walled fortress measuring 300 meters in length and foundations of many other complexes like monasteries, palaces, brick fortification, stupas etc. Some of the stupas and pillars have inscriptions that serve as an evidence of the royal fort. The place is now increasingly favored by tourists from all over the world owing to the fact that Lord Buddha had spent about 29 years in the Tilaurakot fort before his quest for enlightenment.
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The museum offers tourists to obtain an overview of the legends of the Shakya dynasty. There is also evidence of the life of the people of this dynasty ranging from 4 AD to 7 AD. It also has a host of scriptures of the famous Lumbini garden titled in various names like Lumbini Vatica, Lumbini Cittalavana, and Lumbini Canana.
Additionally, the museum has an exhibit of coins, ornaments, black polished and grey painted pottery ware, furniture, toys, and several other artifacts of the 7th and 4th centuries. The significance of each relic displayed can be obtained when visiting the museum. Among these, the highly renowned collection is the assorted and unique looking jewelry pieces available in perfect and pure condition. While the plaques and terracotta figures unearthed belong to the Saunga, Pre-Mauryan, Kushana and Mauryan periods. It can thus be regarded that Kapilvastu Museum offers in abundance the history of Lord Buddha’s ancestral home along with a broad variety of artifacts.